Since May 20th, the national development and Reform Commission and the Ministry of railways have raised the price of domestic railway freight, and the average freight rate of railway goods has increased by 1 points per ton, with an average increase of 9.5%. Although the current market for the adjustment of the price adjustment of railway freight is not strong, the steel industry, which is more dependent on the railway transportation, has indicated that the rising pressure on transportation costs has increased.
According to the State Development and Reform Commission and the Ministry of Railways jointly issued by the Ministry of railways, the “notice on the adjustment of the transportation price of railway goods”, the freight price adjustment involves 7 freight number of the whole vehicle, covering many kinds of goods such as coal, grain, agricultural fertilizer, iron ore and so on.
In this regard, the Daqin Railway issued a notice that the initial calculation of the impact of the increase in freight rates, the company’s revenue will increase by about 800 million yuan this year.
The increase in freight rates has a direct impact on the iron and steel industry. Ye Liming, Secretary General of the Shanghai iron and Steel Service Association, believes that steel trading is in a state of recession at this time, and that the rise in freight rates will have a greater impact. Although the industry is not surprised by the price adjustment of railways, some enterprises may not be able to bear the price and timing.
According to the inspection table of railway freight transport name, steel, cement, logs, coke, iron ore and other categories account for a large proportion of railway freight, and the range of these categories is up to 13%~14%.
According to the insiders, the adjustment of raw material transport prices is still relatively large, which may still push up the cost of terminal commodity circulation.
“As a more economical way of transportation, the freight plate is a part of the stronger profitability of the railway, and the tension of the market supply and demand leads to the still existence of price space in the future.” Sun Zhang, Professor of railway and urban rail transit Research Institute of Tongji University, said.
Sun Zhang introduced that at present, the domestic railway freight volume accounts for the 1/3 of the total cargo volume, and the railway freight transport can only meet the market demand of 1/3, and the railway freight has the characteristics of economy, precision, environmental protection and so on. This is the reason why the “car skin” is difficult to seek.
It is estimated that although the price of railway freight has been raised to 11.51 points per ton kilometer after the price adjustment, compared to the highway freight rate, it is still only 1/3 to 1/4 of the latter.